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A tapestry of values
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ISBN: 9780190260804 0190260807 9780190260811 0190260815 9780190260835 9780190260842 9780190260828 Year: 2017 Publisher: New York, NY Oxford University Press

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Book
L'économie morale des sciences modernes : jugements, émotions et valeurs
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ISSN: 22702407 ISBN: 9782707182708 2707182702 Year: 2014 Publisher: Paris : La Découverte,

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Les sciences modernes ont prétendu s'affranchir des intérêts de tous ordres et faire sortir la subjectivité et la morale de l'arène scientifique pour donner à voir des vérités absolues. Lorraine Daston montre que, à l'inverse, tout le travail de l'historien des sciences consiste à restituer l'imbrication de la morale et de la science. Car, loin d'être désintéressé, l'homme de sciences est bel et bien animé par des principes de justification et des impératifs moraux, ce que l'auteure appelle une ± économie morale de la science : ± économie , parce qu'on identifie des régularités, un système organisé ; ± morale parce qu'il s'agit de prendre en compte, dans le processus même de la recherche, les valeurs et affects du savant qui la mène. Vouloir réinscrire les prises de position épistémologiques dans un horizon à la fois social et éthique ne consiste pas simplement à faire intervenir la psychologie et les motivations du savant, l'idéologie ou les intérêts, mais bien plutôt à étudier la façon dont les valeurs participent des mises à l'épreuve évaluatives par lesquelles se construisent les vérités scientifiques. Le présent essai, inédit en français et introduit par Stéphane Van Damme, a fortement contribué au renouvellement récent des approches en histoire des sciences. Il a permis, avec d'autres travaux, comme ceux de Simon Schaeffer, de rompre avec une certaine téléologie, en offrant une compréhension plus contextualisée de l'émergence des sciences modernes.--


Book
The making of British bioethics
Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 0719096197 152610282X 184779887X 9781847798879 9781526102829 Year: 2014 Publisher: Manchester : Baltimore, Md. : Manchester University Press, Project MUSE,

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Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Keywords

Bioethics --- Ethics --- Humanities --- Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation --- Health Care --- History --- Bioethical Issues --- Biology --- Health & Biological Sciences --- Biology - General --- Community-Based Distribution --- Contraceptive Distribution --- Delivery of Healthcare --- Dental Care Delivery --- Distribution, Non-Clinical --- Distribution, Nonclinical --- Distributional Activities --- Healthcare --- Healthcare Delivery --- Healthcare Systems --- Non-Clinical Distribution --- Nonclinical Distribution --- Delivery of Dental Care --- Health Care Delivery --- Health Care Systems --- Activities, Distributional --- Activity, Distributional --- Care, Health --- Community Based Distribution --- Community-Based Distributions --- Contraceptive Distributions --- Deliveries, Healthcare --- Delivery, Dental Care --- Delivery, Health Care --- Delivery, Healthcare --- Distribution, Community-Based --- Distribution, Contraceptive --- Distribution, Non Clinical --- Distributional Activity --- Distributions, Community-Based --- Distributions, Contraceptive --- Distributions, Non-Clinical --- Distributions, Nonclinical --- Health Care System --- Healthcare Deliveries --- Healthcare System --- Non Clinical Distribution --- Non-Clinical Distributions --- Nonclinical Distributions --- System, Health Care --- System, Healthcare --- Systems, Health Care --- Systems, Healthcare --- Healthcare Quality, Access, and Evaluation --- Egoism --- Ethical Issues --- Metaethics --- Moral Policy --- Natural Law --- Situational Ethics --- Ethical Issue --- Ethics, Situational --- Issue, Ethical --- Issues, Ethical --- Law, Natural --- Laws, Natural --- Moral Policies --- Natural Laws --- Policies, Moral --- Policy, Moral --- Biomedical ethics --- Life sciences --- Life sciences ethics --- Bioethical Issue --- Issue, Bioethical --- Issues, Bioethical --- Aspects, Historical --- Historical Aspects --- Aspect, Historical --- Historical Aspect --- Histories --- Biomedical Ethics --- Health Care Ethics --- Ethics, Biomedical --- Ethics, Health Care --- Moral and ethical aspects --- Censorship, Research --- Science --- Euthanasia --- Human Experimentation --- Patient Rights --- Animal Experimentation --- Ethics, Medical --- Ethicists --- History. --- Medizinische Ethik. --- Biomedizin. --- Bioethics. --- Bioethical Issues. --- history. --- Grossbritannien. --- Great Britain. --- Medizin --- Ärztliche Ethik --- Klinische Ethik --- Ärztliches Ethos --- Arzt --- Heilberuf --- Medizinethik --- Wissenschaftsethik --- Angewandte Ethik --- Bioethik --- Ethik --- Ethos --- Anglia --- Angliyah --- Briṭanyah --- England and Wales --- Förenade kungariket --- Grã-Bretanha --- Grande-Bretagne --- Grossbritannien --- Igirisu --- Iso-Britannia --- Marea Britanie --- Nagy-Britannia --- Prydain Fawr --- Royaume-Uni --- Saharātchaʻānāčhak --- Storbritannien --- United Kingdom --- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland --- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland --- Velikobritanii͡ --- Wielka Brytania --- Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta --- Northern Ireland --- Scotland --- Wales --- Vereinigtes Königreich von Großbritannien und Nordirland --- Großbritannien und Nordirland --- England --- UK --- Angleterre --- Brīṭāniyā al-ʿUẓmā --- Brīṭāniya 'l-ʿUẓmā --- Vereinigtes Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland --- Great Britain --- Grande Bretagne --- British Isles --- Gran Bretagna --- U.K. --- GB --- British Empire --- Britisches Reich --- Briten --- Schottland --- Commonwealth --- 1707 --- -Medizinische Ethik. --- Velikobritanii︠a︡ --- בריטניה --- イギリス

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