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Investor–State Dispute Settlement and Impact on Investment Rulemaking.
Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789211127201 Year: 2007 Publisher: United Nations,

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Abstract

"As demonstrated by this paper, the experience with the investor-state dispute settlement of a number of countries (mostly in the Asia-Pacific region) appears to have influenced the development of new international investment agreements (IIAs) by those countries. Observing how previous IIAs were interpreted and applied by arbitral tribunals, their governments have come up with new provisions and new language, which address most of the problems that arose in the context of investment disputes."--Publisher description


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The protection of national security in IIAs.
Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789211127720 Year: 2009 Publisher: United Nations,

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The challenge for governments is to find an appropriate balance -- ensuring a sufficient level of protection for its national security interests, while at the same time ensuring that investment protection is still strong enough to keep the country attractive for foreign investors. The review undertaken for this study suggests that up to now, only a minority of IIAs [International investment agreements] contain some kind of national security exception, and that such clauses are more frequent in agreements covering the entry of foreign investment than in treaties limited to the post-establishment phase. IIA Contracting Parties have various options to clarify the scope and conditions under which a national security exception applies. All these options help to prevent the subject of national security exceptions in IIAs from becoming a "black and white" matter, and allow more differentiated solutions to be adopted, permitting a fair balance between the interests of the Contracting Parties and the foreign investors.--Publisher's description

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