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Book
Advances in Hydrometallurgy
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ISBN: 3039289403 303928939X Year: 2020 Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

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Abstract

The development of new technologies and the increasing demand for mineral resources from emerging countries are responsible for significant tensions in the pricing of non-ferrous metals. Some metals have become strategic and critical because they are used in many technological applications such as flat panel TVs (indium), solar panel cells (indium), lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles (lithium, cobalt), magnets (rare earth elements, such as neodymium and dysprosium), scintillators (rare earths), and aviation and medical applications (titanium); their availabilities remain limited. The secured supply of these metals is crucial to continue producing and exporting these technologies, and because the specific properties of these metals make them essential and difficult to substitute for a given industrial application. Hydrometallurgy have the advantages of being able to process low-grade ores, to allow better control of co-products, and have a lower environmental impact providing that the hydrometallurgical route is optimized and cheap. The need to develop sustainable, efficient, and cheap processes to extract metals from complex and poor polymetallic matrices is real. The aim of this book was to highlight recent advances related to hydrometallurgy to face new challenges in metal production.


Book
Adsorbents for Water and Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery
Authors: --- ---
Year: 2022 Publisher: Basel MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

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Abstract

Adsorption is a well-established operation used for water decontamination and the remediation of industrial effluents. It is also recognized as a key technology for recovering substances of economic interest or those at risk of scarcity. The new sustainability paradigm of the circular economy and the current context of promoting the efficient use of natural resources, water and energy have been motivating the search for eco-friendly adsorbents for water and wastewater treatment and resource recovery. This Special Issue compiles 21 papers (17 research articles and 4 reviews), addressing the removal of heavy metals, toxic metalloids, precious metals and organics from aqueous solution, using a wide variety of adsorbents derived from natural and waste materials.

Keywords

Technology: general issues --- Environmental science, engineering & technology --- activated carbon --- modification --- surfactant --- adsorption --- methylene blue --- ions effect --- anionic dye --- cetyltrimethylammonium bromide --- sepiolite --- two-step modification --- electroplating sludge --- hydrothermal process --- heavy metal --- electroplating wastewater --- upcycling --- biochar --- thiourea --- cadmium pollution --- adsorption characteristics --- water treatment --- manganese --- iron --- banana peel --- pre-treatment --- phosphoric acid --- human hair --- kinetics --- isotherms --- biosorption --- algae --- bacteria --- biosorbent --- pharmaceutical waste --- complex nickel-aluminum-zirconium hydroxide --- arsenic ion --- different fractions --- Hg2+ --- characterization --- adsorption mechanism --- bisphenol A --- equilibrium --- heavy metals --- K-type zeolite --- fly ash --- lead --- immobilization --- Pb2+ removal --- sorption --- precipitation --- waste recycling --- removal mechanisms --- solid-to-water ratio --- microcystin --- separation --- water quality --- cyanobacteria --- algal bloom --- phenols --- polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons --- wastewater --- precious metals --- hydrometallurgical processing --- selectivity --- pine bark --- olive mill wastewater --- carbon nanotubes --- polydimethilsiloxane --- waste treatment --- phenolic compounds --- resources recovery --- dyes removal --- wastewater treatment --- agrowaste biomass --- diclofenac removal --- advanced oxidation treatments --- low-cost sorbents --- nano zerovalent iron --- granular activated carbon --- organoselenium --- water --- treatment --- cadmium --- cellulose nanofibrils --- iron nanoparticles


Book
Recent Advances in Metal, Ceramic, and Metal-Ceramic Composite Films/Coatings
Author:
Year: 2022 Publisher: Basel MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

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Abstract

This reprint gathers works on various coating materials and technologies aimed at the improvement of materials’ properties, such as corrosion resistance or biocompatibility. Systematic studies demonstrate how the structure and morphology of coatings can change the mechanical, chemical and various functional properties of materials. The reprint contributes to the better understanding of various phenomena induced by metal, ceramic or composite coatings in core materials and, thus, it can help in the more rational design of the selected material’s properties in future studies by the application of coatings.

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