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Understanding perspectivism : scientific challenges and methodological prospects
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ISBN: 1315145197 1138503061 9781315145198 9781351383400 135138340X 9781351383394 1351383396 9781351383387 1351383388 Year: 2020 Publisher: New York, NY : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group,

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This edited collection is the first of its kind to explore the view called perspectivism in the philosophy of science. The book brings together an array of essays that reflect on the methodological promises and scientific challenges of perspectivism in a variety of fields such as physics, biology, cognitive neuroscience, and cancer research, just for a few examples. What are the advantages of using a plurality of perspectives in a given scientific field and for interdisciplinary research? Can different perspectives be integrated? What is the relation between perspectivism, pluralism, and pragmatism? These ten new essays by top scholars in the field offer a kaleidoscopic journey toward understanding the view called “perspectivism” and its relevance to science.


Book
Karl Popper, science and enlightenment
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Year: 2017 Publisher: London, England : UCL Press,

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Here is an idea that just might save the world. It is that science, properly understood, provides us with the methodological key to the salvation of humanity. A version of this idea can be found in the works of Karl Popper. Famously, Popper argued that science cannot verify theories but can only refute them, and this is how science makes progress. Scientists are forced to think up something better, and it is this, according to Popper, that drives science forward. But Nicholas Maxwell finds a flaw in this line of argument. Physicists only ever accept theories that are unified – theories that depict the same laws applying to the range of phenomena to which the theory applies – even though many other empirically more successful disunified theories are always available. This means that science makes a questionable assumption about the universe, namely that all disunified theories are false. Without some such presupposition as this, the whole empirical method of science breaks down. By proposing a new conception of scientific methodology, which can be applied to all worthwhile human endeavours with problematic aims, Maxwell argues for a revolution in academic inquiry to help humanity make progress towards a better, more civilized and enlightened world.


Book
Hoeveel geest kan de wetenschap verdragen? : Een grondslag voor de unificatie van natuur- en geesteswetenschappen.
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ISBN: 9039108048 Year: 2000 Publisher: Kampen Agora,

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Met zijn boek hoeveel geest kan de wetenschap verdragen? Werpt schins nieuw licht op een eeuwenoude discussie. Centrale vraag is of de natuurwetenschappelijke gegevens van de twintigste eeuw te rijmen zijn met het bestaan van geest, opgevat als een onafhankelijk principe dat buiten de natuurwetenschappelijke beschrijving valt, maar toch invloed uitoefent op de realiteit. Deze geest, vanouds de zetel van menselijke vrijheid, denkkracht, moraliteit en zelfbewustzijn, is door vele filosofen in het verleden zorgvuldig beschreven, maar lijkt een wetenschappelijk onderzoek te zijn met de uitgangspunten van het wetenschappelijk onderzoek in de twintigste eeuw. Tot een harde tegenspraak is het echter nog niet gekomen. De neurowetenschappen hebben bijvoorbeeld nog steeds geen vooruitgang van betekenis geboekt inzake de precieze locatie van het menselijke zelfbewustzijn. Volgens Shins zal dit ook nooit gebeuren. Hij betoogt dat drie twintigste eeuwse inzichten genomen uit de biologie (evolutie), de wiskunde (Getaltheorie) en de natuurkunde (kwantummechanica), niet vanuit het filosofische materialisme begrepen kunnen worden, maar naast een materieel principe ook een niet-materieel principe (geest) behoeven. Zijn behandeling deze disciplines, gelardeerd met vele verwijzingen naar recente wetenschappelijke literatuur, getuigt van grondige natuurwetenschappelijke en filosofische kennis.


Periodical
Philosophy and theory in biology.
Authors: --- ---
Year: 2010 Publisher: Bronx, N.Y. : City University of New York, Lehman College

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Periodical
Theoria.
Authors: --- --- --- --- --- et al.
ISSN: 2171679X Year: 1952 Publisher: Madrid : San Sebastián : San Sebastián : [publisher not identified] Centro de Análisis, Lógica e Informática Jurídica, Universidad del País Vasco Centro de Análisis, Lógica e Informática Jurídica, Universidad del País Vasco : Servicio Editorial, Universidad del País Vasco.

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Periodical
Acta Baltica historiae et philosophiae scientiarum
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ISSN: 22282009 22282017 Year: 2013 Publisher: Tallinn : Estonian Association on the History and Philosophy of Science : Tallinn University of Technology

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Book
Information—Consciousness—Reality : How a New Understanding of the Universe Can Help Answer Age-Old Questions of Existence
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ISBN: 3030036332 3030036316 Year: 2019 Publisher: Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer,

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This open access book chronicles the rise of a new scientific paradigm offering novel insights into the age-old enigmas of existence. Over 300 years ago, the human mind discovered the machine code of reality: mathematics. By utilizing abstract thought systems, humans began to decode the workings of the cosmos. From this understanding, the current scientific paradigm emerged, ultimately discovering the gift of technology. Today, however, our island of knowledge is surrounded by ever longer shores of ignorance. Science appears to have hit a dead end when confronted with the nature of reality and consciousness. In this fascinating and accessible volume, James Glattfelder explores a radical paradigm shift uncovering the ontology of reality. It is found to be information-theoretic and participatory, yielding a computational and programmable universe.


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Nuel Belnap on indeterminism and free action
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ISBN: 9783319017532 9783319017549 3319017543 Year: 2014 Publisher: Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer,

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This volume seeks to further the use of formal methods in clarifying one of the central problems of philosophy: that of our free human agency and its place in our indeterministic world. It celebrates the important contributions made in this area by Nuel Belnap, American logician and philosopher. Philosophically, indeterminism and free action can seem far apart, but in Belnap’s work, they are intimately linked. This book explores their philosophical interconnectedness through a selection of original research papers that build forth on Belnap’s logical and philosophical work. Some contributions take the form of critical discussions of Belnap's published work, some develop points made in his publications in new directions, and others provide additional insights on the topics of indeterminism and free action. In Nuel Belnap’s work on indeterminism and free action, three formal frameworks figure prominently: the simple branching histories framework known as "branching time;" its relativistic spatio-temporal extension, branching space-times; and the “seeing to it that” (stit) logic of agency. As those frameworks provide the formal background for the contributed papers, the volume introduction gives an overview of the current state of their development. It also introduces case-intensional first order logic (CIFOL), a general intensional logic offering resources for a first-order extension of the mentioned frameworks and a recent research focus of Belnap’s. The volume also contains an extended biographical interview with Nuel Belnap.

The Influence of Genetics on Contemporary Thinking
Authors: --- --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 1281138630 9786611138639 1402056648 140205663X 9048174198 Year: 2007 Volume: v. 6 Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer,

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This volume reflects on the effects of recent discoveries in genetics on a broad range of scientific fields. In addition to neuroscience, evolutionary biology, anthropology and medicine, contributors analyze the effects of genetics on theories of health, law, epistemology and philosophy of biology. Social and moral concerns about the relationship between genetics, society and the individual also figure prominently. Genetic discoveries fuel central contemporary public policy debates concerning, for example, human cloning, equitable access to healthcare or the role of genetics in medicine. Perhaps more fundamentally, advances in genetics are altering our perception of human life and death. An interview with François Jacob by Anne Fagot-Largeault opens the volume. In this interview, Jacob, who shared a Nobel Prize with André Lwoff and Jacques Monod for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis, addresses many of the central methodological epistemological and ethical questions covered in the volume. The dynamic interdisciplinary character of this volume makes it relevant to scholars from many disciplines, from biology, philosophy and the social sciences.

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