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Today, Syria is a destroyed country involved in a terrible conflict. As a consequence of this war, its cultural heritage is in danger. This country saw the dawn of some of the most ancient civilities in history and its heritage was built as proof of the past to the future generations. It’s important to defend it, because the cultural heritage won’t have a meaning if we can’t remember the past. It cannot exist without the present. It is our identity. The first part of my Master thesis is called “Cultural heritage as an identity”. In this first part I analysed the general concept of Cultural heritage, its definition and how this concept was born in our society. Then I focused myself deeper on the Syrian heritage analysing the UNESCO sites in Syria. The next chapter is speaking about ‘who’ is considered to be responsible for this destruction. It is possible to establish the three main responsible parties who are looting in Syria: the Regime of Assad, the IS, and the Kurdish militant group. Antiquities in Syria become financiers of war because the artefacts are exchanged for guns or money in order to sustain the war. They are sold cheaply in the illegal trade and they get lost forever. The illegal market of antiquities is difficult to control and probably it doesn't have an end. Today, you can even find some of the antiquities for sale on internet. In order to stop this illegal trade, it is fundamental that stringent legislation is created on the one side, and that states in the Middle East and the West collaborate together on the other side. The cultural heritage is in danger, but not only today, during history. What happens in Syria is just an example of the destruction of art in our past. In order to understand the destruction in Syria better, I decided to give some examples of the past in order to understand the present . If we look at our past, we can find a lot of examples of this type of destruction and I decided to analyse some of them. I choose to analyse the Romans, the French Revolution, the Russian communist, the Nazis and the Chinese Cultural Revolution. History is repeating itself, History teaches us. We were destroying images, we are destroying images and we will destroy them in the future as well. In my thesis, I used this argument analysing the reasons behind the “war of Images”. Images have a power on us, they speak to us, not through words but with an invisible power that we cannot touch but which is there in a very strong way. Images are “vital signs” because of the meaning that we give to them. And it is all because images have meaning, a meaning that we give them. It is because of this meaning they have that sometimes we want to destroy them. The second part of my thesis is called “Cultural heritage as a memory”. I decided to write about what has be done to defend culture in the past, like the case of “Monuments men”, Pasquale Rotondi and Rodolfo Siviero. I chose then to analyse three particular cases of stolen artworks during the Second World War: the “Woman in Gold” , the Gent Altarpiece and the Amber Chamber. But culture can also collaborate with technology in the fight against this destruction. In this part of the thesis I wrote about the 3D printer but also about the “blue helmets” suggested by UNESCO. But there is another solution for this destruction. The Syrian refugees are creating artworks that reproduce the heritage lost during the war.