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This volume of Christ in Christian Tradition continues Alois Cardinal Grillmeier's pioneering work in the field of the early history of Christology. Here the focus is on Christianity in Palestine and Syria (the Fertile Crescent) after the Council of Chalcedon and before the advent of Islam. A consideration underlying the entire book is whether we can speak of a consistent Christology throughout the Christian East before Islam and to what extent the Christian East retained the biblical message of Jesus, despite the various divisions that occurred within its borders. Chapters have been collected, edited, and reworked by Theresia Hainthaler with additional contributions from Tanios Bou Mansour and Luise Abramowski. The first part of this volume examines Christology in Palestine from Chalcedon until Islam, including the theology of monks and ascetics, the School of Gaza, and liturgy. The second part is devoted to the Christology in the patriarchate of Antioch from 451 to the end of the sixth century. In 1951 Alois Cardinal Grillmeier (1910-1998) first published Das Konzil von Chalcedon, a work focused on the pre-Chalcedon period and the events of the Council in 451. The first chapter of this would become the first volume of "Christ in Christian Tradition". The work appeared in English in 1965. In 1986 Volume 2/1 appeared with a foreword explaining the author's intention to provide a comprehensive study of Christology from the beginning up to c.800. This was translated to English in 1987. Three further volumes appeared: 2/2 (1989, translated 1995), 2/4 (1990, translated 1996) and the present volume, 2/3 (2002). This volume completes the translation of the published volumes into English. Editorial work continues on volume 2/5 which has yet to publish in German. The first English translation of this crucial text for understanding the Eastern Christian world after 451. Provides a clear account of the Christological debates of the later fifth and sixth centuries in the geographical area where the post-Chalcedon schism was most acutely felt. Brings the Greek and Syriac theological worlds into close conversation and sets a standard for further work on either tradition in this period. Combines close discussion of key patristic authors, including Philoxenus of Mabbug and Jacob of Sarug, with thematic theological treatments. Includes a detailed discussion of the legacy of Dionysios the Areopagite, whose influence would be felt over the next millennium of Christian theology.