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Biographies of scientific objects
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ISBN: 0226136701 0226136728 9780226136721 Year: 2000 Publisher: Chicago (Ill.) : University of Chicago press,

Things that talk : object lessons from art and science
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ISBN: 9781890951443 1890951439 Year: 2004 Publisher: New York (N.Y.) : Zone books,

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Imagine a world without things. There would be nothing to describe, explain, remark on, interpret, or complain about. Without things, we would, in short, stop speaking ; we would become as mute as objects are alleged to be. In nine original essays, internationally renowned historians of art and of science seek to understand how objects become charged with significance without losing their gritty materiality. Things That Talk aims to escape the opposition between positivist facts and cultural readings that bifurcates the current historiography of both art and science. Confronting this impasse from an interdisciplinary perspective, each author singles out one object for close attention : a Bosch drawing, the freestanding column, a Prussian island, soap bubbles, early photographs, glass flowers, Rorschach blots, newspaper clippings, paintings by Jackson Pollock. Each object is revealed to be a node around which meanings accrete thickly. But not just any meanings: what these things are made of and how they are made shape what they can mean. Neither the pure texts of semiotics nor the brute objects of positivism, these things are saturated with cultural significance. Things become talkative when they fuse matter and meaning; they lapse into speechlessness when their matter and meanings no longer mesh.


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Against nature
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ISBN: 9780262537339 0262537338 9780262353809 0262353806 Year: 2019 Publisher: Cambridge : The MIT Press

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Why have human beings, in many different cultures and epochs, looked to nature as a source of norms for human behavior? From ancient India and ancient Greece, medieval France and Enlightenment America, up to the latest controversies over gay marriage and cloning, natural orders have been enlisted to illustrate and buttress moral orders. Revolutionaries and reactionaries alike have appealed to nature to shore up their causes. No amount of philosophical argument or political critique deters the persistent and pervasive temptation to conflate the "is" of natural orders with the "ought" of moral orders. In this short, pithy work of philosophical anthropology, Lorraine Daston asks why we continually seek moral orders in natural orders, despite so much good counsel to the contrary. She outlines three specific forms of natural order in the Western philosophical tradition - specific natures, local natures, and universal natural laws - and describes how each of these three natural orders has been used to define and oppose a distinctive form of the unnatural. She argues that each of these forms of the unnatural triggers equally distinctive emotions: horror, terror, and wonder. Daston proposes that human reason practiced in human bodies should command the attention of philosophers, who have traditionally yearned for a transcendent reason, valid for all species, all epochs, even all planets.


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Eine kurze Geschichte der wissenschaftlichen Aufmerksamkeit
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Year: 2001 Publisher: München : Carl Friedrich von Siemens Stiftung,

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Eine kurze Geschichte der wissenschaftliche Aufmerksamkeit
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Year: 2001 Publisher: München Carl Friedrich von Siemens Stiftung

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Eine kurze Geschichte der wissenschaftlichen Aufmerksamkeit
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Year: 2000 Publisher: München Carl Friedrich von Siemens Stiftung

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Slavery --- America --- History


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Classical probability in the Enlightenment
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ISBN: 0691084971 Year: 1988 Publisher: Princeton (N.J.): Princeton university press,

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Science in the archives : pasts, presents, futures
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ISBN: 9780226432366 9780226432229 Year: 2017 Publisher: Chicago The University of Chicago Press

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Archives bring to mind rooms filled with old papers and dusty artifacts. But for scientists, the detritus of the past can be a treasure trove of material vital to present and future research: fossils collected by geologists; data banks assembled by geneticists; case histories published in medical journals; weather diaries and data silos trawled by climate scientists; libraries visited by historians. These are the vital collections, assembled and maintained over millennia, which define the sciences of the archives. With 'Science in the Archives', Lorraine Daston offers the first study of the important role that these archives play in the natural and human sciences. Ranging across disciplines and centuries, contributors cover episodes in the history of astronomy, geology, genetics, philology, climatology, medicine, and more - as well as fundamental practices such as collecting, retrieval, and data mining. Chapters cover topics ranging from doxology in Greco-Roman antiquity to NSA surveillance techniques of the twenty-first century. Thoroughly exploring the practices, politics, economics, and potential of the sciences of the archives, this volume reveals the essential historical dimension of the sciences, while also adding a much-needed long term perspective to contemporary debates over the uses of Big Data in science.

Wonders and the order of nature 1150-1750
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ISBN: 0942299906 Year: 1998 Publisher: New York (N.Y.) : Zone books,

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