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Book
Against moral responsibility.
Author:
ISBN: 9780262016599 0262016591 0262298074 0262298945 1283302918 9786613302915 Year: 2011 Publisher: Cambridge (Mass.) MIT press

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Abstract

Here, Bruce Waller launches a spirited attack on a system that is profoundly entrenched in our society and its institutions deeply rooted in our emotions, and vigorously defended by philosophers from ancient times to the present.


Book
The stubborn system of moral responsibility
Author:
ISBN: 0262327406 0262327414 9780262327404 0262028166 9780262028165 132247494X 9781322474946 Year: 2014 Publisher: Cambridge, Massachusetts : MIT Press,

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"The philosophical commitment to moral responsibility seems unshakable. But, argues Bruce Waller, the philosophical belief in moral responsibility is much stronger than the philosophical arguments in favor of it. Philosophers have tried to make sense of moral responsibility for centuries, with mixed results. Most contemporary philosophers insist that even conclusive proof of determinism would not and should not result in doubts about moral responsibility. Many embrace compatibilist views, and propose an amazing variety of competing compatibilist arguments for saving moral responsibility. In this provocative book, Waller examines the stubborn philosophical belief in moral responsibility, surveying the philosophical arguments for it but focusing on the system that supports these arguments: powerful social and psychological factors that hold the belief in moral responsibility firmly in place. Waller argues that belief in moral responsibility is not isolated but rather is a central element of a larger belief system; doubting or rejecting moral responsibility will involve major adjustments elsewhere in a wide range of beliefs and values. Belief in moral responsibility is one strand of a complex and closely woven fabric of belief, comprising threads from biology, psychology, social institutions, criminal justice, religion, and philosophy. These dense interconnections, Waller contends, make it very difficult to challenge the belief in moral responsibility at the center. They not only influence the philosophical arguments in favor of moral responsibility but also add powerful extraphilosophical support for it"--Publisher's description.

The natural selection of autonomy
Author:
ISBN: 0585092222 9780585092225 0791438198 0791438201 1438423128 Year: 1998 Publisher: Albany, N.Y. : State University of New York Press,


Book
Restorative free will : back to the biological base
Author:
ISBN: 1498522394 9781498522397 9781498522380 1498522386 Year: 2015 Publisher: Lanham, Maryland ; London, [England] : Lexington Books,

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Restorative Free Will examines free will as an adaptive capacity that evolved in humans and many other species, and restores free will to species excluded by claims of human uniqueness. Restorative Free Will recognizes the basic biological value of both libertarian and compatibilist elements of free will, and explains how these traditionally opposed accounts of free will capture an essential element of foraging animals' free will.


Book
The injustice of punishment
Author:
ISBN: 9781138506398 1138506397 9781315146911 Year: 2017 Publisher: New York (N.Y.) : Routledge,

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Book
Free will, moral responsibility, and the desire to be a god
Author:
ISBN: 9781793632647 Year: 2020 Publisher: Lanham (Md.) : Lexington books,

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"This book examines a nonconscious and profoundly harmful desire that is almost universally denied: the desire to be a god. Afflicting believers and nonbelievers alike, the desire is manifested in religious myths and throughout the history of philosophy"--


Book
The deep roots of American neoliberalism : a cultural, economic, and philosophical history
Author:
ISBN: 9781032257150 Year: 2022 Publisher: New York, NY : Routledge,

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Focusing on why neoliberalism gained such a unique strong hold in the United States, philosopher Bruce N. Waller in this book traces the source back to the country's origins and the entwined core values of the nation's Founding Fathers. Their extreme commitment to private property rights (as evinced in a unanimous vote for the Constitution's Fugitive Slave Clause), an aversion to widespread democracy, and a deep belief in the uniquely just nature of their new country together created the ideal conditions for neoliberalism's growth and success. Waller also provides a clear analysis of the moral and psychological conditions so hospitable to neoliberalism, including the compatibility of a faith in the "invisible hand" of the free market with the widespread belief - which remains prevalent in the United States - that the world is just and people generally get what they deserve. Waller examines how the ideal of moral responsibility in the United States provides the core belief that holds in place the basic principles of American neoliberalism. The book ends by shedding light on the deleterious effects of neoliberalism and shows that its replacement requires not only the amelioration of enormous inequity in wealth, but also the opportunity for all citizens to exercise autonomy, control, and critical thought in their lives and workplaces. Key Features Traces neoliberal values deep into American history and culture Uses empirical psychological research to explain the broad appeal of neoliberalism Describes the strong interconnected neoliberal value system of belief in a just world, personal responsibility, and radical individualism, and their combined influence on American culture Examines the influence of neoliberal values on the American criminal justice and educational systems.

Consider ethics : theory, readings, and contemporary issues
Author:
ISBN: 9780205539369 020553936X Year: 2008 Publisher: New York: Pearson Longman,

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Keywords

Ethics


Book
Critical thinking : consider the verdict
Author:
ISBN: 0131941100 Year: 1988 Publisher: Englewood Cliffs (N.J.): Prentice Hall

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Keywords

Critical thinking --- Logic --- Verdicts


Book
The Routledge handbook of the philosophy and science of punishment
Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138580626 9780429507212 Year: 2021 Publisher: New York (N.Y.) : Routledge,

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"Philosophers, legal scholars, criminologists, psychiatrists and psychologists have long asked important questions about punishment: What is its purpose? What theories helps us better understand its nature? Is punishment just? Are there effective alternatives to punishment? How can empirical data from the sciences help us better understand punishment? What are the relationships between punishment and our biology, psychology and social environment? How is punishment understood and administered differently in different societies? The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Science of Punishment is the first major reference work to address these and other important questions in detail, offering 31 chapters from an international and interdisciplinary team of experts, in a single, comprehensive volume. Alternatives to Current Punishment Practices A volume Introduction and a comprehensive index help make The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Science of Punishment essential reading for upper-undergraduate and postgraduate students in disciplines such as philosophy, law, criminology, psychology and forensic psychiatry, and highly relevant to a variety of other disciplines such as political and social sciences, behavioral and neurosciences, and global studies. It is also an ideal resource for anyone interested in current theories, research, and programs dealing with the problem of punishment"-- It covers the major theoretical approaches to punishment and its alternatives, emerging research from biology, psychology, and social neuroscience, and important special issues like the side-effects of punishment and solitary confinement, racism and stigmatization, the risk and protective factors for antisocial behavior, and victims' rights and needs. The Handbook is conveniently organized into four sections: I. Theories of Punishment and Contemporary Perspectives II. Philosophical Perspectives on Punishment III. Sciences, Prevention and Punishment IV.

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