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Entscheidung, rationalität und determinismus
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ISBN: 3110493616 Year: 2017 Publisher: Berlin, [Germany] ; Boston, [Massachusetts] : De Gruyter,

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In diesem Buch wird die Frage untersucht, inwiefern es einen Konflikt gibt zwischen zwei Sichtweisen auf Personen, die uns beide vertraut sind. Zum einen sind wir der Auffassung, dass Personen aus Gründen urteilen und handeln, dass ihre Handlungen und Meinungen durch Prozesse zustande kommen, die sowohl in ihrem Verlauf als auch ihrem Resultat bestimmten normativen Standards unterliegen, für deren Einhaltung oder Nicht-Einhaltung Personen oft auch verantwortlich gemacht werden. Zum anderen versuchen wir manchmal, ihre Meinungen und Handlungen genauso wie andere Phänomene zu erklären und suchen dabei nach zeitlich vorhergehenden Faktoren als Ursachen. Eine vollständige Erklärung würde dabei die Meinung oder Handlung des Subjekts als durch diese Ursachen alternativlos festgelegt und damit als determiniert erweisen. Zwischen diesen beiden Sichtweisen kann man aus verschiedenen Gründen und in verschiedenen Hinsichten einen manifesten Konflikt oder zumindest eine Spannung erblicken. Diese Konfliktfelder, in denen sich jeweils kompatibilistische und inkompatibilistische Argumente und Positionen gegenüber stehen, bilden den Gegenstand der vorliegenden Untersuchung. In many ways, determinism would seem to be irreconcilable with our self-understanding. What are these ways, and how precisely do they clash with determinism? Is this clash real or merely apparent? And how exactly might indeterminism be helpful? This study explores the diverse implications of these questions.


Book
Seminar : Freies Handeln und Determinismus.
Author:
ISBN: 3518078577 Year: 1978 Publisher: Frankfurt am Main Suhrkamp

Determinism and freewill : a philosophical Inquiry concerning human liberty
Authors: ---
ISBN: 9024717760 9401013683 9789024717767 Year: 1976 Volume: 18 Publisher: The Hague Nijhoff


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Free : why science hasn't disproved free will
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ISBN: 0199371644 0190252421 0199371636 Year: 2015 Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press,

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Does free will exist? The question has fueled heated debates spanning from philosophy to psychology and religion. The answer has major implications, and the stakes are high. To put it in the simple terms that have come to dominate these debates, if we are free to make our own decisions, we are accountable for what we do, and if we aren't free, we're off the hook. There are neuroscientists who claim that our decisions are made unconsciously and are therefore outside of our control and social psychologists who argue that myriad imperceptible factors influence even our minor decisions to the exte


Book
Agency : moral identity and free will
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ISBN: 178374877X 1783748761 1783748753 9781783748778 9781783748785 1783748788 9781783748792 1783748796 9781783748808 178374880X Year: 2020 Publisher: Cambridge, England : Open Book Publishers,

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"There is agency in all we do: thinking, doing, or making. We invent a tune, play, or use it to celebrate an occasion. Or we make a conceptual leap and ask more abstract questions about the conditions for agency. They include autonomy and self-appraisal, each contested by arguments immersing us in circumstances we don't control. But can it be true we that have no personal responsibility for all we think and do? Agency: Moral Identity and Free Will proposes that deliberation, choice, and free will emerged within the evolutionary history of animals with a physical advantage: organisms having cell walls or exoskeletons had an internal space within which to protect themselves from external threats or encounters. This defense was both structural and active: such organisms could ignore intrusions or inhibit risky behavior. Their capacities evolved with time: inhibition became the power to deliberate and choose the manner of one's responses. Hence the ability of humans and some other animals to determine their reactions to problematic situations or to information that alters values and choices. This is free will as a material power, not as the conclusion to a conceptual argument. Having it makes us morally responsible for much we do. It prefigures moral identity. Closely argued but plainly written, Agency: Moral Identity and Free Will speaks for autonomy and responsibility when both are eclipsed by ideas that embed us in history or tradition. Our sense of moral choice and freedom is accurate. We are not altogether the creatures of our circumstances."--Publisher's website.

Puzzles for the will : fatalism, Newcomb and Samarra, determinism and omniscience
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ISBN: 1282028464 9786612028465 1442678925 9781442678927 0802043267 9780802043269 Year: 1998 Publisher: Toronto, [Ontario] ; Buffalo, [New York] ; London, [England] : University of Toronto Press,

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"Issues of free will and determinism, with their far-reaching practical implications, hold a central place in the history of philosophy. In this book Jordan Howard Sobel looks at the many and varied approaches to this complex topic."--BOOK JACKET. "Sobel considers some problems for decision-making that arise if we grant the possibility that someone may be able to predict reliably what another agent will freely choose. Sobel's careful analysis lays a solid foundation for the study of free will and will interest all who are concerned with fated, determined, and predicted choices and how philosophical reflection about these can puzzle the will."--Jacket


Book
Free will : an extensive bibliography
Authors: ---
ISBN: 3110319535 9783110319538 9783110319163 3110319160 Year: 2010 Publisher: Frankfurt ; New Brunswick : Ontos Verlag,

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Few philosophical issues have had as long and elaborate a history as the problem of free will, which has been contested at every stage of the history of the subject. The present work practices an extensive bibliography of this elaborate literature, listing some five thousand items ranging from classical antiquity to the present.


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Restorative free will : back to the biological base
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ISBN: 1498522394 9781498522397 9781498522380 1498522386 Year: 2015 Publisher: Lanham, Maryland ; London, [England] : Lexington Books,

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Restorative Free Will examines free will as an adaptive capacity that evolved in humans and many other species, and restores free will to species excluded by claims of human uniqueness. Restorative Free Will recognizes the basic biological value of both libertarian and compatibilist elements of free will, and explains how these traditionally opposed accounts of free will capture an essential element of foraging animals' free will.


Book
Free will : historical and analytic perspectives
Authors: ---
ISBN: 3030611361 3030611353 Year: 2021 Publisher: Cham, Switzerland : Springer,


Book
Free will
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ISBN: 1108982514 1108987133 1108992501 1108990835 Year: 2022 Publisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press,

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This Element provides a thorough overview of the free will debate as it currently stands. After distinguishing the main senses of the term 'free will' invoked in that debate, it proceeds to set out the prominent versions of the main positions, libertarianism, compatibilism, and free will skepticism, and then to discuss the main objections to these views. Particular attention is devoted to the controversy concerning whether the ability to do otherwise is required for moral responsibility and whether it is compatible with determinism, and to manipulation arguments against compatibilism. Two areas in which the free will debate has practical implications are discussed in detail, personal relationships and criminal justice.

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