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An introduction to evolutionary ethics.
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ISBN: 9781405193979 1405193972 9781405193962 1405193964 1282884255 1444329510 9786612884252 1444329529 Year: 2011 Publisher: Chichester Wiley-Blackwell

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Offering the first general introductory text to this subject, the timely Introduction to Evolutionary Ethics reflects the most up-to-date research and current issues being debated in both psychology and philosophy. The book presents students to the areas of cognitive psychology, normative ethics, and metaethics. * The first general introduction to evolutionary ethics * Provides a comprehensive survey of work in three distinct areas of research: cognitive psychology, normative ethics, and metaethics * Presents the most up-to-date research available in both psychology and philosophy * Written in an engaging and accessible style for undergraduates and the interested general reader * Discusses the evolution of morality, broadening its relevance to those studying psychology.

The evolution of morality and religion
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ISBN: 1107136733 1280430958 0511170424 0511061951 0511206321 0511297491 051161022X 0511070411 9780511061950 9780511170423 9780511070419 9780511610226 9780521529242 0521529247 0521821924 0521529247 9780521821926 9781107136731 9781280430954 9780511206320 9780511297496 Year: 2003 Publisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press,

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Accepted codes of conduct and established religions are features of human societies throughout the world. Why should this be? In this 2003 book, biologist Donald Broom argues that these aspects of human culture have evolved as a consequence of natural selection; that morally acceptable behaviour benefits the humans and other animals and that a principal function of religion is to underpin and encourage such behaviour. The author provides biological insights drawn especially from work on animal behaviour and presents ideas and information from the fields of philosophy and theology to produce a thought-provoking, interdisciplinary treatment. Scientists who read this book will gain an appreciation of the wider literature on morality and religion, and non-scientists will benefit from the author's extensive knowledge of the biological mechanisms underlying the behaviour of humans and other social animals.


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The ethical project
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ISBN: 0674063074 9780674063075 9780674061446 0674061446 Year: 2011 Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University Press

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Principles of right and wrong guide the lives of almost all human beings, but we often see them as external to ourselves, outside our own control. In a revolutionary approach to the problems of moral philosophy, Philip Kitcher makes a provocative proposal: Instead of conceiving ethical commands as divine revelations or as the discoveries of brilliant thinkers, we should see our ethical practices as evolving over tens of thousands of years, as members of our species have worked out how to live together and prosper. Elaborating this radical new vision, Kitcher shows how the limited altruistic tendencies of our ancestors enabled a fragile social life, how our forebears learned to regulate their interactions with one another, and how human societies eventually grew into forms of previously unimaginable complexity. The most successful of the many millennia-old experiments in how to live, he contends, survive in our values today.Drawing on natural science, social science, and philosophy to develop an approach he calls "pragmatic naturalism," Kitcher reveals the power of an evolving ethics built around a few core principles-including justice and cooperation-but leaving room for a diversity of communities and modes of self-expression. Ethics emerges as a beautifully human phenomenon-permanently unfinished, collectively refined and distorted generation by generation. Our human values, Kitcher shows, can be understood not as a final system but as a project-the ethical project-in which our species has engaged for most of its history, and which has been central to who we are.

Darwinian natural right
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ISBN: 0585090114 9780585090115 9780791436943 0791436942 9780791436936 0791436934 0791436934 0791436942 Year: 1998 Publisher: Albany, NY State University of New York Press

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Evolutionary ethics
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ISBN: 0585059861 9780585059860 079141499X 0791415007 9780791414996 9780791415009 1438414773 9781438414775 Year: 1993 Publisher: Albany State University of New York Press

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The Cambridge handbook of evolutionary ethics
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ISBN: 1108515274 1316459403 110850633X 1107132959 1107589606 Year: 2017 Publisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press,

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Evolutionary ethics - the application of evolutionary ideas to moral thinking and justification - began in the nineteenth century with the work of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer, but was subsequently criticized as an example of the naturalistic fallacy. In recent decades, however, evolutionary ethics has found new support among both the Darwinian and the Spencerian traditions. This accessible volume looks at the history of thought about evolutionary ethics as well as current debates in the subject, examining first the claims of supporters and then the responses of their critics. Topics covered include social Darwinism, moral realism, and debunking arguments. Clearly written and structured, the book guides readers through the arguments on both sides, and emphasises the continuing relevance of evolutionary theory to our understanding of ethics today.


Book
Empirically engaged evolutionary ethics
Authors: ---
ISBN: 303068802X 3030688011 Year: 2021 Publisher: Cham, Switzerland : Springer,

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The temptations of evolutionary ethics
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ISBN: 0585176507 052092097X 9780520920972 9780585176505 9780520087736 0520087739 0520213696 0520087739 Year: 1994 Publisher: Berkley University of California Press

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Evolutionary theory tells us about our biological past; can it also guide us to a moral future? Paul Farber's compelling book describes a century-old philosophical hope held by many biologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and social thinkers: that universal ethical and social imperatives are built into human nature and can be discovered through knowledge of evolutionary theory.Farber describes three upsurges of enthusiasm for evolutionary ethics. The first came in the early years of mid-nineteenth century evolutionary theories; the second in the 1920s and '30s, in the years after the cultural catastrophe of World War I; and the third arrived with the recent grand claims of sociobiology to offer a sound biological basis for a theory of human culture.Unlike many who have written on evolutionary ethics, Farber considers the responses made by philosophers over the years. He maintains that their devastating criticisms have been forgotten-thus the history of evolutionary ethics is essentially one of oft-repeated philosophical mistakes.Historians, scientists, social scientists, and anyone concerned about the elusive basis of selflessness, altruism, and morality will welcome Farber's enlightening book.

Natural ethical facts : evolution, connectionism, and moral cognition
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ISBN: 0262532786 0262033100 Year: 2003 Publisher: Cambridge (Mass.): MIT press

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The biology and psychology of moral agency
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ISBN: 0521592658 0521064503 0511527357 Year: 1998 Publisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press,

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This important book brings findings and theories in biology and psychology to bear on the fundamental question in ethics of what it means to behave morally. It explains how we acquire and put to work our capacities to act morally and how these capacities are reliable means to achieving true moral beliefs, proper moral motivations, and successful moral actions. By presenting a complete model of moral agency based on contemporary evolutionary theory, developmental biology and psychology, and social cognitive theory, the book offers a unique perspective. It will be read with profit by a broad swathe of philosophers, as well as psychologists and biologists.

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