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Medizinische Forschung an Kindern : rechtliche, ethische und rechtsvergleichende Aspekte der Arzneimittelforschung an Kindern.
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ISBN: 3161490339 9783161490330 Year: 2006 Publisher: Tübingen Mohr Siebeck,

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Dorothea Magnus untersucht die Arzneimittelforschung an Minderjährigen aus rechtlicher, medizinischer, ethischer und rechtsvergleichender Sicht. Sie entwickelt praxisgerechte Vorschläge, ob und wie medizinische Forschung an Kindern durchgeführt werden kann und sollte, ohne einerseits die Kinder in klinischen Studien unvertretbar zu belasten, aber andererseits die Gruppe der Kinder nicht vom medizinischen Fortschritt auszuschließen. Insbesondere der Vergleich mit den jüngsten Entwicklungen in den USA legt es nahe, durch wirtschaftliche Anreize wie einen verlängerten Patentschutz oder Marktexklusivität die Erprobung von Arzneimitteln in der Kinderheilkunde zu fördern.

Twentieth century ethics of human subjects research : historical perspectives on values, practices, and regulations.
Authors: ---
ISBN: 351508455X Year: 2004 Publisher: Stuttgart Steiner,

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Debates on the ethics of human subjects research meet with an increasing interest both within the medical profession and the broader public. Frequently, historical arguments are used to propagate or attack certain positions within these debates. However, there is a tendency to oversimplify the complexities of the past for present day purposes, and at the same time a lack of awareness of the historical dimension implicit in today's value preferences. Twentieth Century Ethics of Human Subjects Research brings together leading historians of medicine to reconstruct and analyse the history of actual experimental practices, the debates on human subjects research, and the attempts to regulate such research during the twentieth century. The volume addresses cases of medical research in France, Britain, Israel, the United States, and Germany, including the Nazi period; the major developments of ethical debates in these and further national contexts, such as the Soviet Union, the Czech Republic, and Japan. It also explores religious views (Catholic, Jewish) on human experimentation, and the origins and contexts of international codes and declarations. "Volker Roelckes Überblick über die Geschichte der Menschenversuche im Dritten Reich sei jedem empfohlen, der sich kurz und prägnant über dieses düstere Kapitel deutscher Geschichte informieren möchte." FAZ

Acres of skin : human experiments at Holmesburg Prison.
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ISBN: 0415923360 Year: 1998 Publisher: New York (N.Y.) Routledge,

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Based on experiments on inmates in Philadelphia's Holmsburg Prison in the 1950s-1970s, this book raises provocative questions about human rights, prison treatment and medical and research ethics. At a time of increased interest and renewed shock over the Tuskegee syphilis experiments, Acres of Skin sheds light on yet another dark episode of American medical history. In this disturbing expose, Allen M. Hornblum tells the story of Philadelphia's Holmesburg Prison.

L'humain est-il expérimentable ?
Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 2130509762 9782130509769 Year: 2000 Volume: 14 Publisher: Paris : Presses Universitaires de France,

Protecting study volunteers in research : a manual for investigate sites.
Authors: ---
ISBN: 1930624360 Year: 2002 Publisher: Boston Thomson,


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La recherche biomédicale : encadrement juridique, déontologique et éthique, cas de la thérapie génique.
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ISBN: 2912359813 Year: 2002 Publisher: Bordeaux Les Etudes Hospitalières,

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La recherche biomédicale en France est encadrée par des règles très strictes depuis la fameuse loi Huriet-Sérusclat du 20 décembre 1988. Quelles sont les normes générales encadrant la recherche biomédicale et l'utilisation des produits de thérapie génique ? Les lieux de recherche pour la thérapie génique sont-ils réglementés ? Comment procéder à une demande d'autorisation d'essais cliniques pour les produits de thérapie génique ? Quelles sont les règles à respecter lorsqu'un être humain se prête à une recherche biomédicale en thérapie génique ? L'auteur, universitaire ayant orienté ses recherches sur ce sujet, répond à toutes ces interrogations afin que tout professionnel ou malade amené à utiliser la recherche biomédicale ne se retrouve pas hors la loi.

Healing the brain : A doctor's controversial quest for a cell therapy to cure Parkinson's disease.
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ISBN: 0805070915 Year: 2002 Publisher: New York Times books,

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In May 1995, neurologist Curt Freed began a dramatic experiment by attempting to treat sufferers of Parkinson's disease by grafting human stem cells into their brains. This book tells the story of this experiment. In May 1995, neurologist Curt Freed began one of the most dramatic experiments in the history of medicine - the attempt to treat sufferers of Parkinson's disease by grafting human stem cells into their brains. Of the 40 patients who volunteered for Freed's new treatment, half underwent authentic surgery. The other half, who had received placebo surgery, felt their last hope dissolve into bitter frustration, but the hardest road lay ahead for those who had been given the highly experimental procedure. This book captures the emotional events that unfolded in the months afterward as Freed, his researchers, and their courageous, desperate patients awaited the outcome and witnessed a moral debate unfolding across the nation over embryonic stem cell medicine. Would the brain regenerate itself or reject the new cells? This pioneering team was willing to take perilous risks to find out.

Ethics in neurobiological research with human subjects : The Baltimore conference on ethics.
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ISBN: 2884491619 Year: 1997 Publisher: Amsterdam OPA,

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The papers included in this book were presented at the Baltimore Conference on Ethics in 1995. The purpose of this conference was to bring together ethicists, psychiatrists, researchers, family members, consumers, and representatives of government, industry and academia to discuss the following issues: History and Ethics of Neurobiological Research with Human Subjects, Current Practices, Informed Consent, Government Oversight/Institutional Review Boards, and the Patient and Family Perspective. Over the past 40 years, there has been a significant increase in research on neurobiological disorders for basic scientific knowledge, and to develop new treatment therapies. This has led to significant advances in the treatment of schizophrenia, manic-depression and other disorders which have improved the lives of thousands. Public attention has been raised recently over the potential vulnerability of patients with neurobiological disorders who participate in such research since these patients often suffer from impaired cognition. This has become a serious public policy issue that requires the attention and cooperation of all participants to develop standards that are ethical and functional in guiding progress toward newer and more effective therapies. The papers included in this book were presented at the Baltimore Conference on Ethics in 1995. The purpose of this conference was to discuss various issues including: history and ethics of neurobiological research with human subjects; current practices; and informed consent.


Book
Casebook on ethical issues in international health research
Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789241547727 Year: 2009 Publisher: Geneva World Health Organization

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This casebook collects 64 case studies, each of which raises an important and difficult ethical issue connected with planning, reviewing, or conducting health-related research. The book’s purpose is to contribute to thoughtful analysis of these issues by researchers and members of research ethics committees (RECs, known in some places as ethical review committees or institutional review boards), particularly those involved with studies that are conducted or sponsored internationally.

Useful Bodies : humans in the service of medical science in the Twentieth Century.
Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780801889684 9780801873423 0801889685 0801873428 Year: 2003 Publisher: Baltimore Johns Hopkins University Press,

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Brings together leading historians of medicine to explore the intersection of government power and medical knowledge in revealing studies of human experimentation. The examples given illustrate the extent to which living human bodies have been "useful" and emphasize the need for intense regulation. Though notoriously associated with Germany, human experimentation in the name of science has been practised in other countries, as well, both before and after the Nazi era. The use of unwitting or unwilling subjects in experiments designed to test the effects of radiation and disease on the human body emerged at the turn of the 20th century, when the rise of the modern, coercive state and the professionalization of medical science converged. "Useful Bodies" brings together leading historians of medicine to explore the intersection of government power and medical knowledge in revealing studies of human experimentation - germ warfare and jaundice tests in Great Britain; radiation, malaria and hepatitis experiments in the US; and nuclear fallout trials in Australia. These examples of medical abuse illustrate the extent to which living human bodies have been "useful" to democratic states and emphasize the need for intense scrutiny and regulation to prevent future violations.

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